A professor at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Dominici presents the Henry W. Kendall Memorial Lecture at MIT. She reveals how leveraging huge amounts of data in the United States affects air pollution levels on human health.
For providing a data-driven foundation, their efforts are critical to building environmental regulations as well as human health policy. But they say that the results will be excellent when they use data science and evidence to notify policy.
How Data Science to Gather Air Pollution Insights
In the past 20 years, air pollution is dramatically dropping in nationwide. Dominici says on average, we all are breathing clean air. But some research also shows that even with relatively low air pollution levels, it may be harmful to health.
In addition, current patterns of diminishing air pollution left some geographic areas worse off than others. In the various studies, Dominici hone on some specific type of harmful air pollution called fine particulate matter.
These tiny particles are less than 2.5 microns in width. They come from multiple sources like industrial facilities that burn fossil fuel and vehicle emissions.
These particulate matters can go in very deep into the lungs and then get into your blood. Further, it can lead to cardiovascular disease, systemic inflammation, and a weak immune system.
To examine the risk PM2.5 poses on human health, Dominici made data about people and the environment they experience. One dataset provides information for more than 60 million Americans who sign up for Medicare. It includes not only their health history but also other factors, including Zip code and socioeconomic status.
On the other side, a team of Joel Schwartz, who is a professor of environmental epidemiology, combines satellite data on weather. This data also includes air pollution, land use and unite them with air quality data from the EPA’s national network.
This helps them to create a model that offers a daily level of PM2.5 for every square kilometer. In this way, they can assign people’s daily exposure to PM2.5 who registers themselves in the Medicare system.
For acquiescing several findings, it is vital to combine and analyze these datasets. On the basis of present NAAQS for PM2.5, levels which are less than 12 micrograms per cubic meter are safe.
Dominici’s team also says that even levels less than standard may possess a higher risk of death. Further, they say by reducing the standard to 10 micrograms per cubic meter, the air quality becomes more rigorous. It will help to save approximately 140,000 lives over a decade.
During the Covid-19 pandemic, problems regarding both environmental injustice and air pollution are at harsh relief. They also say that how long-term exposure increases the risk of dying from Covid-19.
Data scientist is the best way to find all those factors that are influencing serious environmental policy decisions. Moreover, this pandemic can also provide an additional source to control emissions regarding fossil fuels. In this way, scientists are using data science to gather air pollution insights.
AR, MR, and 5G are some of the most essential aspects of technological-friendly work. The blend of three can help in manufacturing interesting devices with a wow factor. Let’s discuss such devices and how the 5G connection has played an important role in making AR and MR real.
The Evolution of Display
The main challenge with technologies like AR or VR headsets is that people do not want anything more than limited accessories. When we talk about that, they want things to be the size of the glasses. Anything that exceeds that size is not preferred by the users.
However, incorporating the intensity of graphics and display technology for a high-quality VR/AR is quite unlikely at present. With that being said, numerous organizations are trying to achieve the same. These companies are trying to experiment with unique designs to render a satisfactory experience.
It separates the computing elements from head-mounted glass displays. These designs encourage the use of smartphones and wired connections to the glass for an appealing experience.
Apple is known to be working with similar concepts. Maybe it involved a wireless connection between an iPhone and a glass-like display. However, people believe that it’s going to take years to reach that level of proficiency.
5G: The Future of Augmented Reality
Augmented Reality is likely to benefit a lot from the energy-efficient 5G technology. Thus, 5G is considered as the future of AR. In the Augmented World Expo show, Qualcomm, which is a smartphone and 5G chipmaker, announced a distinct two-part design for release. The decision was taken in presence of numerous other smartphone makers and telecom providers globally.
Companies like Panasonic, Oppo, Pico, and NReal have come up with XR viewers that get connected through a USB-C cable. The USB-C cable gets connected to Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 or 865-powered 5G smart mobile devices. These devices are available from brands like Oppo, Asus, OnePlus, etc.
Qualcomm elaborated the in-depth details of the XR Optimized program. It confirms that the XR viewers and smart devices should follow similar critical Technical specs and software standards. This will allow them to work together efficiently.
One of the major parts of these devices is the 5G technology. For detailed image quality and location-specific Information, both XR viewers and smartphones require cloud computing connection.
Being a fast and low-latency technology, 5G on viewers can deliver high-resolution images from clouds. It can enhance the overall experience of head-mounted displays. Besides, it can also integrate location-specific details.
Microsoft is also known to introduce 5G in their business-focused HoloLens 2 MR headset through a plug-in module. In addition, XR viewers are different from HoloLens 2. In this case, HoloLens 2 has all the computing elements within the headset. The outcomes are quite good and it’s costly too.
However, HoloLens 2 will use the 5G connection to render access to cloud computing resources. Moreover, concepts like spatial anchors can encourage two people wearing HoloLens and interacting with the same virtual objects.
It’s quite clear that AR and MR are likely to be the future of technology. With that being said, 5G is going to be the spinal cord of the same. The perk of an always-connected 5G link is quite clear.
5G is the 5th generation mobile network and the brand new global wireless standard after 4G. The technology is known to bring faster speeds, low latency communications, and high data caps in smartphones.
Nevertheless, it’s quite a talk in the gaming industry too. Wondering the link between 5G and gaming? Here are some of the ways by which the technology is in trend.
There is no doubt that 5g is fast. When we say fast, we mean really fast! If we compare both 5G and 4G, 5G has 20 times the speed of 4G.
If you are planning to download any piece of data, the time taken by 5G will be less than 4G. From the gaming’s perspective, the outcomes will be quite desirable.
About 10 games can be downloaded with 5G while 4G would still be in its first half. Fast Internet speed will render you a better gaming experience too.
5G renders a lower latency. You will notice a difference of 15 milliseconds. It can go from 20 milliseconds to 5 milliseconds.
While the difference might seem small, it’s quite noticeable during gaming. Gamers who have opted for 5G have seen much less latency while playing games with latency issues. It also rendered them a better multiplayer experience.
Unlocks the Reality of VR
5G can also transform the future of virtual reality. The technology can eliminate the term ‘Virtual’ from ‘Virtual Reality.
That’s because the higher speed and lower latency can free the VR headsets from cords. The processing power will be able to sustain in the cloud and the graphics will be enhanced. It will also price an authentic experience to gamers where they will get haptic feedback.
Turn AR into Reality
When it comes to technology, Augmented reality has surely been in the limelight lately. With that being said, 5G can enhance Augmented Reality by rendering the technological support for immersive game creation.
The Ericsson consumer lab report states that gamers have a takeaway slogan of ‘Ready, Steady, Game!’. It signifies that getting away from reality is the primary aim of playing video games for gamers.
Thus, the in-depth experience rendered by the 5G to AR can assist gamers to get away from reality. As per Ericsson’s study among AR gamers, 4 out of 10 gamers consider AR to be fascinating with immersive games.
Lastly, 5G technology can give the much-needed flexibility in games too. When we talk about flexibility, it will be similar to the ones you get in streaming platforms like Netflix.
The energy-efficient technology has the speed to stream both AR and VR content from the cloud. So, yes, you are certainly going to note some transformation.
If you are a gamer then we hope that these 5 things about 5G are worthwhile for you. Be it the speed or flexibility, 5G is going to promise a better tomorrow.
Besides, in the gaming industry, gamers are going to see some epic transformation in numerous aspects. Overall, 5G is a step towards an impressive gaming experience.
5G is all about high-speed data transmission and hyper-connected life. This new technology offers great connectivity and creates new value for both individuals and enterprises.
With 5G, technologies like virtualization, cloud computing, edge computing, artificial intelligence, network slicing, and automation will drive the new business models. In addition to these technologies, the 5G also impacts the VR Market and increase the growth of the VR sector as well.
According to the study by Gartner, by the next year, 100 million consumers will use VR for online shopping and in-store. This becomes possible due to the high-speed network – 5G.
Here are the other benefits of 5G for the virtual reality and augmented reality sector:
Currently, many VR head-mounted displays (HMDs) need a powerful system to run them. This means you cannot enjoy VR everywhere as it is confined to a certain location.
But, the 5G can increase the storage, power consumption, and processing power from the PC into the edge cloud. It means. With 5G, you only need a headset, which works for VR anytime, anywhere.
Further, this next generation of networks will add new sensations and give an amazing user experience to VR users.
Connectivity in 5G Technology
Note that VR and AR, are sensitive to network performance. It means any interruption can have a significant negative impact on using VR.
Nowadays, consumers are demanding more data than ever, especially for quality videos and audios. And existing spectrum bands are unable to cope with the increasing demand for data transfer. This can impact VR users in many ways.
But, with 5G, there will be no such issue of more data. Hence it gives you the best VR video experience. Here are some features of 5G that make it best for VR and AR technology.
- Data Transfer Speed: The complete 360-degree frame of VR application or immersive gaming needs to be sent at below than 20 ms lag. This is why 5g is a must for VR, as it can transfer more data without creating any disturbance.
- No Data Congestion: The higher bandwidth consumption of 5G helps in providing a non-pixelated and non-lagged experience for HD and 4K videos. It also does not create any congestion when you play videos or games in VR mode.
- High-Frequency Band Required: The highest bandwidths such as 10Gbps and 40Gbps are possible with a 5G network. This is what users need to get a high-end experience of VR and AR.
In the current time, when everything is moving toward digitalization, the demand for high data increases. To fulfill this demand and to give VR users a great experience, 5G technology is the solution. It is also assumed that the 5G network can provide billions of connections, which is a must for VR technology.
When you hear term healthcare, you may think about medicines, hospitals, doctors, and many other related options. But, in the last ten to fifteen years, the healthcare industry has changed tremendously and has entered in the era of digital health. Now, the digitalization has put a positive impact on technology in healthcare.
Artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled medical devices, telemedicine, and blockchain electronic health are just a few examples of digital transformation in healthcare. The dependency on health apps has been increased since the starting of the pandemic in 2020.
Further, in this time, many healthcare startups are growing and producing something innovative every day for people. According to CB Insights data, in the third quarter of 2020, this AI healthcare startup has raised more than $2 billion.
Here is the list of some healthcare startups that are transforming the healthcare industry with digital health in 2021.
Fisher Wallace Laboratories
As more and more people are suffering from depression and anxiety, clinicians struggled to meet the demand for mental health services. This is where Fisher Wallace Laboratories has created a unique solution for those with little or no access to therapy sessions or prescription drugs.
The startup has created a cranial electrotherapy device for people suffering from depression and anxiety. It is the only transcranial device available on the market. They have shown promise in clinical trials for treating insomnia, depression, and anxiety. This 20-minute treatment activates the neurotransmitters, including dopamine, beta-endorphin, and serotonin, that helps in lowering the stress hormone cortisol.
HealX is the new startup that is working on expediting treatments for sporadic (rare) diseases. Their product was awarded as the best AI product in health and extraordinary success in social use of AI in 2020. Their Rare Treatment Accelerator (RTA) program builds a bond between patients suffering from some rare diseases.
The accelerator they created helps discover new as well as effective treatments for patients. Further, the team of HealX includes AI experts, bioinformaticians, and next-generation drug hunters. In October 2019, it raised about $56 million.
This healthcare startup is working for the cure of neurodegeneration with immuno-neurology. With 40 novel targets and 4 programs, Alector’s program works around the immune system of brain. It helps to combat diseases like Alzheimer’s and dementia. The medical startup raised around $176 million in 2019.
The clinical trial of Alector program related to frontotemporal dementia showed early positive signs. In the U.S and European Union, more than 170,000 people are suffering from this devastating disease.
It is another healthcare startup that is transforming the health care system. It provides personalized, data-driven health-related information while improving outcomes. People can monitor their health status, and can discover the right medical professional for them with Rally Health.
Its platform includes both self-learning and interventions to prevent chronic diseases.
The demand for digital health startups is increasing. With technology changing every day and investors opening their doors for heath startups, the foundation will take us into a new era for healthcare and digital health.